Mass Modeling (Revit Architecture)
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Preparing the first mass
- 3 Conceptual mass family
- 4 In place mass
- 5 Modifying the Mass
- 6 Using the Mass (Faces) to create Walls
- 7 Making Holes in Masses
- 8 advanced massing options
- 9 References
With the massing tools available in Revit Architecture you are able to create a composition with free forms quite easily. Smooth corners, curved walls, curved holes in walls are all possibilities with the massing tools. In this tutorial you will learn how to create a basic form with a hole in it. Also you will learn to make a slanted wall. Steps and topics in this tutorial:
- Start new project.
- Place in-Place Mass
- Place Rectangular mass and extrude
- Slant sides of the mass
- Put walls on the sides
- Put a hole through one side.
Preparing the first mass
In Revit you can work with masses, like you can in Vasari. These masses are used in conceptual building studies and in the sketch phase of a design. Methods There are two methods to make a conceptual mass in Revit. The first is to make a conceptual mass family. The second way is to make an in-place mass. Both ways of making a conceptual mass will be explained below. The options in both methods are the same, but if you make the mass as a family you have a little more control over the reference lines and reference planes.
Conceptual mass family
With this way of creating masses you draw a specific family of it which you can load into your project.
- Click in the home screen of Revit on new conceptual mass under the family tab.
- A pop up screen appears where you select the conceptual mass family template file. Hit open.
- Now you can start drawing masses.
- After you finish your mass you can load him into project or just save it.
In place mass
In the first exercise, you create and name a project in which you will create the building model at the top of this tutorial.
Create a project:
- Click the Application Button, under New, click Project.
- Under Template file, make sure the a metric, Architectural Template is selected. The exact options you get may depend on the version of Revit you've installed.
- Under Create New, make sure Project is selected,
- Click OK.
Name and save the project file:
- Click the Application Button, click Save.
- Browse to a convenient location to save your file (eg: My Documents).
- For File name, enter Getting_Started, and click Save.
You'll see a new empty template. We'll form our new mass here. Masses are 3D objects on which we can place floors/roofs and create floors in.
- In the Ribbon, open the View tab. In the Create panel, click 3D View to create a new 3D View.
- Open the 'Massing & Site' tab in the Ribbon.
- In the 'Conceptual Mass' panel, click (In-Place Mass). This will create a custom mass object in which you build the mass itself.
Revit may pop-up a message about changing the view settings for massing purposes. Dismiss this message.
- Enter any name you want in the pop up.
You will now go into editing mode. Because this will be a simple tutorial we will be making a box with slanted edges as shown in the beginning.
This is your base or profile. The next step is to extrude a profile from the base/profile. More exotic shapes can be made by using multiple profiles.
The profile is now extruded into a surface. You can adjust the amount by which you extrude the profile by moving the X,Y,Z handle up or down. The X,Y,Z handles are green, blue and red respectively.
basic geometry creation
more about the basic geometry you can create you can find here.
Modifying the Mass
Next we'll fine-tune the form we've created to make one side slanted:
- Select one of the upper edges of the cube:
- Use the red arrow to drag the outer edge towards the center, making the side slanted.
- Click (Finish Mass)
When you select the Mass, you can apply some quick modifications:
Using the blue arrows, you can move each of the faces. The movement is always perpendicular to the face.
more editing options
more about edting of masses can be found here.
Using the Mass (Faces) to create Walls
In this section we'll use the faces of the Mass to create walls. Note that while a normal wall can never be slanted, now we can created slanted wall by using the Mass.
- On the Massing&Site tab, in the Model by Face panel, click (Wall by Face)
- In the Properties Palette you can change the type of wall that will be created by selecting the desired Wall Family from the pull-down.
- Select the slanted face of the Mass. A wall on this face is created.
- You may select additional faces to created walls for.
- Click Modify or press Esc to finish.
Making Holes in Masses
You can also subtract Forms from your Mass. The section covers using Voids and working with Work Planes.
For this example we use our Mass without the walls created by face. To try it you can just delete the walls.
In the next steps we're going to create an additional Mass that will be used to subtract from our original Mass.
Changing the Work Plane
The First Form we've created by drawing a rectangle profile, was drawn on a horizontal plane (Plan). But you can draw in any plane you'd like. This can be achieved by changing the Work Plane.
Creating a Void Form
- In the Draw panel in the Ribbon, click (Rectangle)
- Draw a rectangle on the slanted face:
- Click Modify or press Esc to finish.
Now we're going to create a Void Form from the profile we've just drawn.
- Select the rectangle you've drawn.
- Click the lower part of the [[Image:Revit_Create_form_button.png] (Create Form) button, then (Void Form).
- Change the 'height' (or 'depth') of the extrusion and make sure it goes into the original Mass.
- This Form can also be modified by selecting faces or edges and moving them.
- Click (Finish Mass)
You could now create new walls in this Mass.
advanced massing options
the more advanced massing options can be found here
This tutorial is just a basic example of what can be achieved via the use of massing: more intricate and more extensive examples are available. For more advanced examples you can search Google using a query like "massing tutorials Revit" or A series on youtube about Massing